Bijar Rugs - Antique Persian Bidjar - Beautiful Rugs
Bijar, located in the northeast of Iran, in Kurdistan province, is a city and area called the Roof of Iran on account of its high elevation. This mountainous area is a historic Kurdish region, which is autonomous, and where Kurdish, a west Iranian language is spoken. Kurds constitute the majority of the population.
The garrus (or gerous) design in the 19th-century that features a split leaf arabesques in the field and borders was common in larger Bijar rugs. (Garrus was also the former name of the Kurdish region of Bijar, and it refers to a Kurdish subtribe.) The arabesque is a design motif consisting of intertwining branches, vines or tendrils usually with floral references or geometric in form. The herati design pattern with a rosette in a diamond with leaves along its four sides is also common in Bijar rugs, as our rectilinear designs, medallion and pendant medallion, a stylized tree of life and cypress designs in the early 20th-century. New Bijar rugs have less elaborate designs and use synthetic dyes.