Hamadan Style Rugs
Hamadan (or Hamedan) rugs originate in one of the oldest known civilized areas of western Iran, and its largest city Hamedan (once known as Ectaban) became the capital of the ancient Parthian empire. Hamadan has a long history as a crossroads for trade and handcrafts on the Silk Road, and Marco Polo described the city in his travels. The city’s many historic monuments attract tourists in the summer, and the city serves as a trade center for the rug makers from the surrounding villages and towns. Kurds are residents in many of the villages and towns of this area, and each town or village in the region has become identified with a certain design. Each of these areas has its own rug making tradition, so there is a very wide variety of Hamadan rugs. Geometric and rectilinear patterns predominate in Hamaden rugs that rely on bright, primary colors, such as red, blue and ivory and the herati design pattern (originating from the town of Herat) with a rosette in a diamond with leaves on its four sides. Doubling, tripling of the central medallion, or adding pendants to it is a commonly seen design feature of Hameden rugs. These rugs are coarsely woven with densities from 40 to 100 knots per square inch.
Beautiful Rugs has in its inventory a Hamedan rug with a Zelesoltan (or Zei-i Sultan) design, an allover design of blue or ivory vases with stylized yellow floral sprays. Each vase is embedded within two diamonds of stylized rosettes. Zell os-Soltan, which means shadow of the emperor, was the title of the Qajar prince Mas’ud Mirza in the late 19th and early 20th centuries in southern Iran.