Kashan Style Rugs

Kashan belongs to Isfahan Province located in central Iran and south of the city of Qum. It has become world famous for its beautiful ancient monuments, rugs and rose water, attracting many tourists from other parts of Iran and neighboring countries, and the arrival of tourists in the region benefits its economy. The Rose Water Festival, held every year from early May through early June, draws many tourists daily. In early May the scent of roses spreads over the area, notably Qamsar and Joshgan. Fin Garden, the National Museum of Kashan, the village of Abyaneh and the Agha Bozorg Mosque are among Kashan’s most visited tourist attractions.

Kashan rugs feature intricate floral, curvilinear designs in the Shah Abbas style with elaborately stylized palmettes and lotuses in complex arrangements around a central medallion often a diamond or pointed ovoid that may be slightly indented or lobed with floral pendants. The spandrel (or corner area) designs inside the rug borders often repeat the floral design of the medallion. Softer, pastel red and brown floral patterns on a navy blue field are common. Kashan rugs are among the most beautiful and valuable rugs of Iran whose high wool quality, outstanding designs and prime vegetable dye have made them famous.

An Antique Persian Kashan-Kurk available at Beautiful Rugs (474) features a rich red field with central diamond whose floral pendants merge into the very intricate and dense floral pattern around it. Floral pendants are believed to have been borrowed from the Safavid book cover designs. The shah abbasi motif, a stylized and symmetrical palmette (a lotus flower with spread leaves) is the most prominent repeated floral motif in this rug.